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Henry IV of France

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King of France
Henri le Grand
le bon roi Henri
le vert galant
Henry of Navarre


483px-Henry_IV_en_Herculeus_terrassant_l_Hydre_de_Lerne_cad_La_ligue_Catholique_Atelier_Toussaint_Dubreuil_circa_1600
Department of Paintings, Richelieu, 2nd floor, room 10

Married to Marie de’ Medici https://www.saburchill.com/history/biblio/020.html

Ordered the château built by Catherine de Médicis (in the Tuileries) to be linked to the Louvre palace by a “Grand Gallery” bordering the Seine

Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien

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“No, I do not regret anything”

French song composed by Charles Dumont, with lyrics by Michel Vaucaire. It was written in 1956 (wiki)
best known through Édith Piaf’s 1960 recording
Edith Piaf singing
Édith Piaf (Édith Giovanna Gassion)


French Heads of State

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Monarchs
Monarchs ruled the Kingdom of France from the establishment of Francia in 509 to 1870, except for certain periods from 1792 to 1852.

Emperors of the First and Second Empire

Leaders of the five Republics
Since 1870, the head of state has been the President of France.

Timeline of Heads of State

Aux Lyonnais

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Aux Lyonnais (Alain Ducasse)
32 Rue Saint Marc
Maybe just go for desert (Chartreuse Souffle)
(closed over the holidays)

We don’t spend much time in Paris going to fancy restaurants. I took a career detour to culinary school, spent seven years as a chef in high-end restaurants and am not easily impressed by salty, rich, fatty foods. However during a rare lunch at an Alain Ducasse restaurant, I had a Chartreuse Souffle for desert which made a lasting impression. An exquisitely executed souffle, flavored with the perfect amount of Chartreuse liquor.

aux lyonnais

While in Paris for the Marathon, we wore running shoes and were seated back in the empty bar area

10 Common Ordering Mistakes People Make in Paris Restaurants David Lebovitz
Does the Affordable Paris Bistro Still Exist? Oui. Mark Bittman, New York Times (2005)
A list of our own restaurant mistakes and suggestions

Slideshow

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Michelangelo

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Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simon
known best as simply Michelangelo
(6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564)

To his final day, Michelangelo tried to live up to his life motto:
the greatest danger, he said, “is not that we aim too high and miss it, but hat we aim too low and reach it”
-A Pilgrimage to Eternity (TImothy Egan)

220px-Michelangelo_Daniele_da_Volterra_(dettaglio)

The Dying Slave and The Rebellious Slave were seized during the French Revolution and entered into The Louvre in 1794
michelangelo-sculptures-195844956961_ecec8a91ed_m

History of Paris

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In our warped tourist minds, the History of Paris can be extracted from the History of le Louvre

Antiquty: The Ancient Past, especially before the Middle Ages
Classical Antiquity: Between the 8th century BC and the 6th century AD (centered on the Greco-Roman World)
Middle Ages: European History between the fall of the Roman Empire in the West (5th century) to the fall of Constantinople (1453)
Rennaisance: Marks the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity and covering the 15th and 16th centuries
Francis I of France, who sought to create a gallery of art in his château at Fontainebleau rivaling those of the great Italian palaces. He acquired masterpieces by leading Italian masters (Michelangelo, Raphael) and invited Italian artists to his court (Leonardo da Vinci, Rosso, and Primaticcio)
Louis XIV’s purchase of the collections of the banker Jabach
Louis XIV also expanded the collection of Italian paintings also Spanish paintings (by Murillo) and a series of French works (Le Sueur)
Early Modern Time: (1600-1850)
Works from the Northern schools appeared first during the 17th century and, above all, the 18th
Throughout the 19th century, confiscated French aristocratic collections and the spoils of the Napoleonic conquests brought important new acquisitions
Throughout the 19th century, confiscated French aristocratic collections and the spoils of the Napoleonic conquests brought important new acquisitions
The Modern Time Period: 1850-Present
With the opening of the Musée d’Orsay in 1986, the collection was split up, with works painted after the 1848 Revolution (including pictures by Courbet and the Impressionists) transferred from the Louvre to the newly renovated Gare d’Orsay.
Musée National d’Art Moderne completed in 1977 in the Centre Pompidou is the largest museum for modern art in Europe

Timeline (Wikiwand)

King and Queens of Paris
Monarchs ruled the Kingdom of France from the establishment of Francia in 509 to 1870, except for certain periods from 1792 to 1852.

Coat of Arts
“[She] is tossed [by the waves], but does not sink”
(Fluctuat nec mergitur)

Severed Heads of Kings (Musée de Cluny)

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Severed Heads
We obviously love Paris, the culture and history
Of special interest is its restoration

Before Victor Hugo authored the Hunchback of Notre Dame the cathedral was not the Jewel in the Crown of Paris
Before the Louvre Pyramid (1989) there was a Parking Lot, before the parking lot – a fascinating history
Before the Boulevards of Paris, Baron Haussmann seriously remodeled Paris (and moved lots of people out) this during the second-half of the 19th century
Eugène Viollet-le-Duc restored much of Paris, especially the damage incurred during the French Revolution
(many objects and statutes, even the Bells of Notre Dame were melted-down for ammunition)

After decapitating Marie Antoinette, Parisians “defaced” and knocked-off-the-heads of some statutes “Kings” above the portals of Notre Dame
(as it turns-out, these were not the Kings of Paris, but the Kings of Judea)
The cathedral was eventually restored and the heads replaced.
The original “heads” (eventually found in a 1970s landfill) currently reside in the Musée de Cluny known as the “Musée national du Moyen Âge – Thermes et hôtel de Cluny” (National Museum of the Middle Ages – Cluny thermal baths and mansion)

https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-1-d&q=severed+heads+notre+dame+paris
https://www.imaginibus.com/blog/the-severed-heads-of-notre-dame

Missing Heads of the Kings from Notre-Dame de Paris

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc

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Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (1814-1879), französischer Architekt und Kunsthistoriker. Porträt von Nadar.

French Architect who restored medieval landmarks including those damaged by the French Revolution
His critics accuse him of implementing a Gothic style in-place-of of strict historical accuracy
(the abundance of gothic gargoyles, chimeras, fleurons, and pinnacles)

He influenced a new generation of architects including
-Louis Sullivan (Chicago)
-Antoni Gaudí (Barcelona)
-Victor Horta (Art Nouveau Founder)

The Restoration Argument: Respecting Viollet-Le-Duc at Notre-Dame


https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-1-d&q=Eugène+Viollet-le-Duc

Hôtel des 3 Collèges

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HotelDes3Colleges
https://www.3colleges.fr/en/

It is here that Gabriel García Márquez wrote No One Writes to the Colonel
a collection of short stories (between 1956 and 1957 while living in Paris)

Hotel_3_colleges