Evangelists on Notre Dame Roof
Histoire du Louvre (Medieval Louvre)
Histoire du Louvre
Originally built outside the city walls of Paris, the Château du Louvre dates back to the reign of Philippe Auguste (1180-1223). The powerful sovereign indeed intended to strengthen the defensive system of the Capetian capital, exposed to the danger of invasions from the Seine. The keep of this fortress also served as a safe for the monarchy and a prison for its enemies.
Initially a garrison castle, the Louvre nevertheless lost its military vocation due to the extension of the city and became a royal residence during the Middle Ages. Under the Valois, more particularly during the reign of King Charles V (1364-1380), the building, transformed into a pleasure palace, housed the library and the king’s apartments.
During the demolition of the medieval castle, which took place from 1528 to 1660, we limited ourselves to backfilling the underground parts, which were rediscovered under the Second Empire, in 1866, thanks to the excavations carried out by Adolphe Berty, the founder of topography. Parisian. Later, in 1882, work carried out under the Caryatids room revealed the lower room, known as the “Saint-Louis room”, whose ribbed vaults had been amputated in the 16th century to fit out the Renaissance palace.
But it was during the construction of the Grand Louvre that the medieval Louvre was really exhumed, when the excavations carried out between 1984 and 1985 by Michel Fleury in the Cour Carrée unearthed the powerful remains of Philippe Auguste’s fortress, which later became palace of the kings of France. Now preserved, the medieval Louvre is now accessible to visitors to the museum, who can walk through the former moats of the royal residence, around the perimeter of the famous Grosse Tour. A wealth of archaeological material has been unearthed during the latest excavations, the most emblematic piece of which is the “chapel” of Charles VI, a parade helmet decorated with fleur-de-lis, inventoried in 1411 and found broken into innumerable pieces in the keep well.
The two rooms arranged in the extension of the course of the ditches, reconfigured in the summer of 2016 with the opening of the museum space of the Pavillon de l’Horloge, house an evocation of the old medieval Louvre, which has long remained in the memories thanks to a few rare images and that archaeological explorations have made it possible to make visible again to all.
Salle des Carytides
The Salle des Caryatides, which now houses ancient Greek and Roman statues, was a former banquet hall built for Henri II during the Renaissance
Caryatides a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head
Sign of the Cross
Au nom du Pčre et du Fils et du Saint-Esprit. Amen.
Je crois en Dieu, le Pčre tout-puissant, créateur du ciel et de la terre. Et en Jésus Christ, son Fils unique, notre Seigneur qui a été conçu du Saint-Esprit, est né de la Vierge Marie, a souffert sous Ponce Pilate, a été crucifié, est mort et a été enseveli, est descendu aux enfers, le troisičme jour est ressuscité des morts, est monté aux cieux, est assis ŕ la droite de Dieu le Pčre tout-puissant d’oů Il viendra juger les vivants et les morts. Je crois en l’Esprit-Saint, á la sainte Eglise catholique, ŕ la communion des saints, ŕ la rémission des péchés, ŕ la résurrection de la chair, ŕ la vie éternelle. Amen.
Notre Pčre qui es aux cieux, que ton Nom soit sanctifié, que ton rčgne vienne, que ta volonté sit soit faite sur la terre comme au ciel. Donne-nous aujourd’hui notre pain quotidien. Pardonne-nous nos offenses comme nous pardonnons aussi ŕ ceux qui nous ont offensés. Et ne nous soumets pas ŕ la tentation, mais délivre-nous du mal. Amen.
Je vous salue, Marie, pleine de grâces, le Seigneur est avec vous; vous ętes bénie entre toutes les femmes, et Jésus le fruit de vos entrailles, est béni. Sainte Marie, Mčre de Dieu, priez pour nous pécheurs, maintenant, et ŕ l’heure de notre mort. Amen.
Gloire au Pére, au Fils et au Saint-Esprit. Comme Il état au commencement, maintenant et toujours pour les sičcles des sičcles. Amen.
Oh My Jesus
O mon Jésus, pardonne-nous nos péchés, préserve-nous du feu de l’enfer et conduis au ciel toutes les petit âmes surtout celles qui ont le plus besoin de ta miséricorde. Amen.
Hail Holy Queen
Nous vous saluons, Reine, Mere de misericorde, notre vie, notre joie, notre esperance, salut. Enfants d’Eve, nous crions vers vous de fond de notre exil. Nous soupirons vers vous, gemissant et pleurant dans cette vallee de larmes. O vous notre advocate, tournez vers nous vos regards misericordieux. Et apres l’exil de cette vie, montrez nous Jesus, le fruit beni de vos entrailles, tendre, aimante, douce vierge Marie. Priez pour nous, sainte Mere de Dieu. Afin que nous devenions dignes des promesses de Jesus Christ. Amen.
Prions: O Dieu dont le Fils unique, par sa vie, sa mort et sa resurrection, nous a merite, les recompenses du salut eternel, faites que, meditant ses mysteres dans le tres saint Rosaire de la bienheureuse Vierge Marie, nous mettions a profit les lescons qu’ils contiennent afin d’obtenir ce qu’ils nous font esperer. Par la meme Jesus-Christ, votre Fils notre Seigneur. Amen.
Our tour of the Medieval Louvre
in conjunction with our project of detailing the evolution of Le Louvre, I wanted to tour the Sully Wing this year.
The Sully wing is not my favorite (perhaps for the wrong reasons) I don’t get excited about Egyptian, Islamic, etc Art. (although the Islamic basement exposition was very dramatic and impressive)
I finally asked an attendant, he said go to Venus de Milo and you will be close
Then I walked through the Salon of the Caryatides
(walk under the Sculpted female figures (Caryatidies) serving as columns,
then descend down to the medieval Louvre exhibit.
My French language skills really lack, but even I detected that there was a Tour Sign, listing times and including Anna who was prepared for the next French Language Tour. I persuaded Anna to give me an “English” tour, if no one showed up for the tour. And that is what transpired
We satarted at what appeared to be the bottom of the moat, it’s walls representing the foundation of the Louvre Fortress. It was a “Keep” where King Philipe Auguste stored the treasures of Paris. It was a Fortress located along the Wall of Paris, with a Turent to view the boats approaching Paris by way of the River Seine. The blocks of the wall bore carved symbols, ie. hearts and crosses. They counted the blocks with “hearts” and that is how you were paid.
Charles V converted the structure into a residence. A floor for the King, a floor for the Queen, with Balconies. Anna, my guide told me that they know of the castle by it’s plans which still exists (she provided the name of that site) and told me that this Castle Plan was used by Walt Disney for Sleeping Beauty. Anna and I completed the tour through loose translations of French and English. So I am not sure if Anna referred to the Sleeping Beauty Caste at Paris Disney or the Movie Sleeping Beauty or the Book Sleeping Beauty. But there was definitely a reference to Sleeping Beauty (“la belle au bois dormant”) and definitely Walt Disney. I can’t find any other references or verification, but I am accepting this Louvre version
Francois I, was impressed by the Renaisance, so much so, that he tore-down all evidence of the Louvre Castle and created a Reannaissance Louvre Palace. Francois was good friends with Leonardo di Vinchi and his emphasis on the Rennaissance endures. You might be surprised that the Grande Gallerie, with is the most famous exhibition hall at the Louvre does not display French Paintings. It displays Italian paintings from the Rennaisance
Le Chat Noir (Montmartre)
68 Bd de Clichy
Last Monday, I was looking for coffee and found a very agreeable coffee bar (restaurant)
Kind of a tired establishment, but tired in a good way with locals surrounding the bar
I sat at the bar, and was ignored (as is usual for me) as the familiar locals bought their esspressos
But eventualy “Bon Jour” (it was for me) ordered an alonge and a pan au chocolate, but they only had crossants
One place of crossiants, but they were good crossants
Four Euros for Cup of Coffee and Crossant
La Traviatta originates from the life of Alphonsine Plessis a Paris Courtesan
Marie Duplessis (born Alphonsine Plessis)
Porte de Clichy Metro stop near sparkling eau de paris outlet
Pavillon de l’Horloge
Crypte Sully (Underground Level)
Salle de la Chapelle level one of the Pavillon de l’Horloge
To complete the total immersion course on the Louvre take elevator G to level 2 of the Pavillon de l’Horloge