Kings and Queens

Posted on Updated on

Monarchy of France

At different venues about Paris we feel inadequate due to our lack of familiarity with French Royalty:

Among the Peiture (Paintings) at Le Louvre, a huge gallery is dedicated to Queen Catherine de Médicis Cycle painted by Peter Paul Rubens

The Scultpures in the Museum of French History at Versailles and the Galerie d’Apollon (Louvre), feature prominent historical figures (most of whom we are unfamiliar with)

At Basillica St. Denis, the Royal Necropolis where French monarchs were traditionally interred, the recumbent tombs poplulate the church with a plethora of figures who we want to know more about.

We have become more familiar with some French Monarchs through their paintings at le Louvre:

Pharamond (365 – 430) )
The 1st Frankish King

Clovis I (466-511)

Philippe Auguste (Philip II) King of France from 1180 to 1223
Built the Louvre Fortress (1200) Middle Ages

Louis IX (1214–70)
or St. Louis

Jean (John) II (1319 – 1364)
John II
perhaps the oldest independent portrait painted in France (Anonymous)
Jean le Bon (John II the Good)

House of Valois

Philip VI of France (1293 – 1350) King from 1328 until his death
(called Phillippe VI the Fortunate and Phillippe VI of Valois)

Charles V 1364
Built the Royal Residence of the Louvre 1380

Charles VII (1403 – 1461)
painted by Jean Fouquet
King from 1422 to his death
Charles VII of France was John II of France’s great-grandson.

Francois I (1494-1547)
painted by Jean Clouet
Francis I (reigned 1515–47) Used the Louvre as his Main Residence
Francois One

Henry II (1519 -1559)
Henry II (reigned 1547–59) Son of Francois
Built the 1st Wing of the Modern Palace

Catherine de’ Medici (1519 -1589)
painted by Peter Paul Rubens
Catherine de Médicis (1547 to 1559)
Built the Tuillerie Garden Palace

Francis II (1544 – 1560)
Francis II (reigned 1559 to 1560)

Charles IX (1550 – 1574)
Charles IX (reigned 1560 to 1574)

Henry III (1551 – 1589)
Henry III (reigned 1574 to 1589)

Henry IV (1572 -1610)
painted as Hercules (vanquishing the Lernaean Hydra) by Toussaint Dubreuil
Henry IV (reigned 1589–1610)
Built the Grande Gallerie (1610) 460 Meters Long

Charles I (of England) (1600 – 1649)
painted by Anthony van Dyck
(we always assumed that this peinture among French kings, was also a king of France)

Louis XIV (1638 -1715) painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud
Developed the Cour Carrie (1715)

Marie Antoinette (1755 -1793)
painted by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun
Marie Antoinette

During the French Revolution the Louvre was a Seat of Power (Musee Established)

Napoleon I (1769 -1821)
painted by Jacques Louis David
Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days.
Cour Carousel 1815 and gallery along the northern edge
Napoleons grave2 color

Napoleon III (1808 -1873) Nephew of Napoleon I
painted by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin (Versailles, Musée National du Château)
The first President of France (1848 to 1852)
The last French Monarch (1852 to 1870)
Doubled the Size of the Louvre (1870)

1871 Tuilllie Palace Destroyed by Fire

French Heads of State

2019 Paris Itinerary
Learn More

Contact Us
Subscribe to Paris Memos (our email list)
Join Paris for the Holidays MeetUp

Waiting List

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s