Kings and Queens

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Monarchy of France

At different venues about Paris we feel inadequate due to our lack of familiarity with French Royalty:

Among the Peiture (Paintings) at Le Louvre, a huge gallery is dedicated to Queen Catherine de Médicis Cycle painted by Peter Paul Rubens

The Scultpures in the Museum of French History at Versailles and the Galerie d’Apollon (Louvre), feature prominent historical figures (most of whom we are unfamiliar with)

At Basillica St. Denis, the Royal Necropolis where French monarchs were traditionally interred, the recumbent tombs poplulate the church with a plethora of figures who we want to know more about.

We have become more familiar with some French Monarchs through their paintings at le Louvre:

400
Pharamond (365 – 430) )
The 1st Frankish King

500
Clovis I (466-511)

1200
Philippe Auguste (Philip II) King of France from 1180 to 1223
Built the Louvre Fortress (1200) Middle Ages

Louis IX (1214–70)
or St. Louis
Saint Louis
painted by Doménikos Theotokópoulos, dit “El Greco”

1300
Jean (John) II (1319 – 1364)
John II
perhaps the oldest independent portrait painted in France (Anonymous)
Jean le Bon (John II the Good)

House of Valois

Philip VI of France (1293 – 1350) King from 1328 until his death
(called Phillippe VI the Fortunate and Phillippe VI of Valois)

Charles V 1364
Built the Royal Residence of the Louvre 1380

1400
Charles VII (1403 – 1461)
painted by Jean Fouquet
King from 1422 to his death
Charles VII of France was John II of France’s great-grandson.

1500
Francois I (1494-1547)
painted by Jean Clouet
Francis I (reigned 1515–47) Used the Louvre as his Main Residence
Francois

Henry II (1519 -1559)
Henry II (reigned 1547–59) Son of Francois
Built the 1st Wing of the Modern Palace

Catherine de’ Medici (1519 -1589)
Catherine de Médici reigned from 1547 until 1559
Built the Tuillerie Garden Palace
Catherine Palais BEFORE

Francis II (1544 – 1560)
Francis II (reigned 1559 to 1560)

Charles IX (1550 – 1574)
Charles IX (reigned 1560 to 1574)

Henry III (1551 – 1589)
Henry III (reigned 1574 to 1589)

1600
Henry IV (1572 -1610)
painted as Hercules (vanquishing the Lernaean Hydra) by Toussaint Dubreuil
Henry IV (reigned 1589–1610)
Built the Grande Gallerie (1610) 460 Meters Long
483px-Henry_IV_en_Herculeus_terrassant_l_Hydre_de_Lerne_cad_La_ligue_Catholique_Atelier_Toussaint_Dubreuil_circa_1600

Marie de Medici (1575 -1642)
painted by Peter Paul Rubens
Marie de Médici reigned from 1600 until 1610
Built the Luxenbourg Garden Palace
died of a bout of pleurisy in destitution on 3 July 164

Charles I (of England) (1600 – 1649)
painted by Anthony van Dyck
(we always assumed that this peinture among French kings, was also a king of France)
Charles_I_of_England

1700
Louis XIV (1638 -1715) painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud
Developed the Cour Carrie (1715)
La Versailles

Marie Antoinette (1755 -1793)
Marie Antoinette

During the French Revolution the Louvre was a Seat of Power (Musee Established)

1800
Napoleon I (1769 -1821)
painted by Jacques Louis David
Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days.
Cour Carousel 1815 and gallery along the northern edge
Napoleons grave2 color

Napoleon III (1808 -1873) Nephew of Napoleon I
painted by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin (Versailles, Musée National du Château)
The first President of France (1848 to 1852)
The last French Monarch (1852 to 1870)
Doubled the Size of the Louvre (1870)

1871 Tuilllie Palace Destroyed by Fire

French Heads of State

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8 thoughts on “Kings and Queens

    French Heads of State « Paris for the Holidays said:
    November 9, 2020 at 4:01 am

    […] Monarchs […]

    History of Paris « Paris for the Holidays said:
    November 9, 2020 at 10:12 am

    […] King and Queens of Paris Monarchs ruled the Kingdom of France from the establishment of Francia in 509 to 1870, except for certain periods from 1792 to 1852. […]

    Catherine de Medici « Paris for the Holidays said:
    June 13, 2021 at 5:09 am

    […] Kings and Queens of France […]

    Françoise I « Paris for the Holidays said:
    June 13, 2021 at 5:10 am

    […] Kings and Queens of France […]

    Phillip II of France « Paris for the Holidays said:
    June 13, 2021 at 5:10 am

    […] Kings and Queens of France […]

    Marie-Antoinette « Paris for the Holidays said:
    June 13, 2021 at 5:11 am

    […] Kings and Queens of France […]

    Napoleon « Paris for the Holidays said:
    June 13, 2021 at 5:12 am

    […] Kings and Queens of France […]

    Louis XIV of France « Paris for the Holidays said:
    June 13, 2021 at 5:13 am

    […] Kings and Queens of France […]

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